Subsurface Biosphere at Mid-Ocean Ridges

March 17-19, 1997 – Washington, DC
Convener: John Baross, Kim Juniper, Marvin Lilley


The workshop was held to examine the evidence for a subsurface biosphere associated with mid-ocean ridges and to identify the key questions that need to be addressed in order to test the existence of a spatially extensive biosphere that is not dependent on nutrients derived from photosynthesis.  More than 100 microbiologists, biologists, geologists, geophysicists, geochemists, biochemists, biotechnologists, and engineers attended the workshops.

JOI/USSAC Newsletter Article (pdf)


John Baross, University of Washington
Kim Juniper, Université du Quebec à Montréal
Marvin Lilley, University of Washington